Pneumonia is a type of chest infection and can affect anyone at any age. Current statistics confirm that between 5 and 11 out of every 1000 adults in the UK are affected by this condition.
As with many conditions, there are specific groups of people who are more at risk of contracting pneumonia than others and these groups include:
Babies and young children • people over the age of 65 • people with long term heart, lung and kidney diseases • people with diabetes • people with cancer especially those undergoing chemotherapy • people who smoke or drink alcohol to excess • people on drugs that suppress the immune system • people with HIV
The symptoms of pneumonia can develop over a few days or progress much faster.
What are the 5 main symptoms of pneumonia?
Although the main symptom is coughing, people with pneumonia will feel weak and tired and probably have one or more of the symptoms listed below:
- coughing up mucus
- a high temperature – you might also sweat and shiver
- difficulty breathing or getting out of breath quicker than normal
- chest pain or discomfort
- loss of appetite
In more severe cases, pneumonia may also cause any of the following symptoms:
- quick breathing
- low blood pressure
- coughing up blood
- rapid heartbeat
- nausea and vomiting
Some people with pneumonia may get a sharp pain in their chest when they breathe in and out and this can be due to the thin outer covering of the lung being infected and inflamed. This inflammation is known as pleurisy and stops your lungs from moving smoothly as you breathe.
Your GP or a private GP will be able to give you a proper diagnosis of your infection.
The above information has been sourced from https://www.blf.org.uk/support-for-you/pneumonia
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