Aagenaes syndrome

Below you will find more information about Aagenaes syndrome from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Aagenaes syndrome it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Aagenaes syndrome and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Aagenaes syndrome comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Aagenaes syndrome is a condition which is characterized by inborn hypoplasia of the lymph vessels. This eventually causes recurring cholestasis on the formative years lymphedema on the legs. This could develop into hepatic cirrhosis and giant cell hepatitis (which could occur with portal tract fibrosis). The name of Aagenaes syndrome was derived from a pediatrician in Norway named Oystein Aagenaes. The name was finalized in 1968 when the condition was first described by Aagenaes. It is sometimes called cholestasis-lymphedema syndrome or simply CLS.

Prevalence

It is said that the condition is prevalent in Norway (one half of the total number of cases were from this place). The other half of the reported number of cases is found in other European countries and also the United States. It is reported as a rare disease in the US because it affects less than 200,000 of their population.

Causes

The genetic foundation is still unknown but it is an autosomal recessive condition which is inherited. The most common trait of the syndrome is a widespread lymphatic defect. It is believed that people who marry among their own tend to have a bigger chance of producing children that have the syndrome.

Characteristics and Features

Soon after the birth of an afflicted infant, it has been observed that jaundice would appear and this becomes a recurring situation. Sometimes the jaundice disappears but in most episodes of the patient's life, it could recur. The legs develop edema during school age and could progress as the patient ages. The evidence of marriage within the same circle of families could be a good source of this syndrome (e.g. cousins who marry one another).

Cases

Here are some reported cases of the Aagenaes syndrome: The first case was in 1968 when Aagenaes first observed and made a record of the syndrome affecting a child which soon progressed. He also noted the presence of jaundice. By the year 1974, Aagenaes recorded an additional 2 unconnected families. It was also on this year that he observed that Norwegians have more cases of the syndrome. A British case was reported in 1997 where the patients are the mother and her daughter from a nonconsaguineous family. It was the first case where the patients were not from Norway. 1998 marked the year of further studies of the condition wherein follow up cases have been reviewed. In 2001, it was concluded that the disease is resident on lymphangiogenesis.

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