Acne rosacea

Below you will find more information about Acne rosacea from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Acne rosacea it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Acne rosacea and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Acne rosacea comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Acne rosacea or simply Rosacea is a very common condition which affects over 45 million people all over the world. Although common, it is a misunderstood condition. This often affects white-skinned individuals who are of northwestern European descent. This has been nicknamed as the 'Celtic curse' by some Irish people. This often begins as mere redness and flushing (erythema) right on the center of the face, also the cheeks, forehead and the nose. It can also affect the chest and the neck. As this disorder progresses, other signs come up such as erythema that is semi-permanent; telangiectasia (or the opening of the surface facial blood vessels); small bumps or domed pustules; reddish gritty eyes, stinging or burning sensations, and the most advanced cases manifest rhinophyma or lobulated nose. This disorder is often confused with seborrheic dermatitis or acne vulgaris. It can co-exist with these two conditions and it can affect both sexes (with females thrice more vulnerable). This peaks on the age of 30 to 60. the primary diagnosis of this disease is mainly facial and when the ears or the scalp become involved, it is a suggestion of a different illness.

Causes

It has been observed recently that patients who suffer from rosacea have their peptide cathelicidin levels elevated. The stratum coeneum tryptic enzyme levels are also at their peak. In the past, antibiotics have been administered to treat rosacea but these often worked only because they inhibit a few SCTE's. Rosacea can be hereditary and white people can have a higher chance of developing the illness because of their genetic predisposition. Women may be more vulnerable to this disease but when men acquire the disease, their cases tend to be more acute. Triggering factors that cause blushes and flushes are: strenuous exercise, direct exposure to sunlight, acute sunburn, anxiety, stress, cold wind, and moving in to a different place with a different temperature. Some medications could become irritants that make rosacea progress. If the skin's redness persists after the use of a product, it is imperative that the usage be stopped. Some acne treatments are even known to 'cause' rosacea because the method of application involves chemical peels or microdermabrasion; or high the product could have a high content of tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide or isotretinoin.

Subtypes

A patient can have one or more of the following sub-types of Rosacea: erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (facial redness that is permanent) with blushing and flushing tendencies); papulopustular rosacea (a portion of permanent redness with papules or reddish bumps and pustules which is often interchanged with acne); phymatous rosacea which is often linked with rhinophyma or nose enlargement; ocular rosacea or dry, red irritated eyelids and eyes.

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