Acne

Below you will find more information about Acne from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Acne it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Acne and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Acne comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Acne vulgaris or just acne is a common skin disease which is caused by changes on the pilosebaceous units (structures of the skin which consist of sebaceous gland and a hair follicle). The severe cases of acne are often inflamed but it can also show up as non-inflamed. Lesions are common and they are called spots, zits or pimples. This condition is common during the stage of puberty (affecting about 85% of teeners) while some cases carry on to adulthood. Most acne cases diminish and then disappear over time and this begins during the early twenties of an individual's life. There are no means of predicting when the disease will totally disappear because some cases continue even when the person is already in his thirties or forties. Acne is an altered form of the Greek word akun (or skin eruption). The vernacular name bakne or bacne is used often to specify acne that is found at the back of a person.

Causes

The exact cause of acne is still not known even today. What's certain is that it is hereditary. Some other factors include: family history (the genes can play a great factor in the appearance of the disease); hormonal activities (puberty or menstrual periods); stress (when a person experiences this, the body secretes additional hormones); agitated sebaceous glands; the buildup of dead skin cells; pores that are clogged with bacteria; scratching or skin irritation will enhance inflammation; anabolic steroid usage; using medications which contain halogens (chlorides, iodides, bromides), barbiturates, lithium, or androgens; the patient's exposure to some chemical compounds or drugs which could include narcotics.

Diet

It is important for someone with acne to have a balanced diet. A study that has been made recently showed that dairy products could induce acne. The specific products that were taken by the subjects included skimmed milk, sherbet, instant breakfast drinks, cream and cottage cheese. It is hypothetically proposed that the presence of bovine IGF-I and sex hormones in cow's milk have caused the condition to aggravate. Still, the observations remain hypothetical that is why the association of milk to acne is still not certain. Iodine is the primary content of seafood. This element is known to worsen acne but it should not be sufficient to make an outbreak. Still, people who have acne should avoid the over consumption of food that are rich in iodine. Vitamins A and E are good supplements to improve the condition of most patients. It has been observed that those who suffer from acne often have very low levels of both these vitamins.

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