Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy

Below you will find more information about Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a unusual form of eye disease that mostly affects Caucasia people ranging from ages 20-30 years old. This medical condition is characterized by a patient's central vision either in one or both eyes is affected or vision is completely lost due to inflammation a at thed the buildup of fluid in the back of the eye.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of APMPPE include lumbar puncture to determine elevated protein that may be presnt in the spinal fluid and urinalysis to detect the presence of casts, proteinuria and lymphocytes that may indicate microvascular nepropathy.

Treatment

APMPPE is sually treated with immunosupressants and steroid therapy. However, treatments are known to be somewhat controversial but the consensus is that no treatment is currently available to alter the course of ocular lesions. In cases that are complicated by subretinal neovascularization, a surgical procedure known as laser photocoagulation mat prove useful.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms commonly include some visual disturbances, such as flashes of light and the appearance of blood cells in the retina. APMPPE can also cause patient's blurred vision, twinge at the back of the eyes, frequent headaches, and eye redness. A light brown, yellow , or white opaque cluster can also be seen in the central vision.

Causes

The underlying causes of APMPPE is still not established. However, about one third of the patients with APMPPE reported history of upper respiratory infection or some other systemic illness.

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