Akathisia

Below you will find more information about Akathisia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Akathisia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Akathisia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Akathisia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Akathisia also spelled as acathisia from the greek word means without or not. Akathisia is characterized by restlessness. The patient is unable stay still or motionless.

Diagnosis

Akathisia syndrome can be diagnosed through psychological assessment or behavioral assessment and through drug history taking. Sometimes it is misdiagnosed with antisychotic neuroleptic induced akathisia. That makes the doctor prescribe another antipsychotic drugs that worsen the symptoms of the patient.

Treatment

To treat akathisia, the doctor will discontinue or reduce the dosage of the medication that cause the disorder. The patient also advise to take anti cholinergic medication like benztropine (cogentin) or dophenhydramine. Beenzodiazepine clonazepam is also effective in treating this disorder. Another treatment is beta-blocker such as propanolol or metoprolol. Anti histamine drugs also given but with shorter effect than the beta blocker. Additional treatment and prevention is taking vitamin B6, vitamins good for the neurons.

Symptoms and Signs

The patient will manifest restlessness accompanied by severe anxiety, body weakness, and sense or feeling of fear or inner tension.

Causes

Akathisia commonly cause by side effect of antisychotic drugs. Aside from that, Non-sedating antipsychotic drugs like Haloperidol(haldol) can also cause the disorder. Other drugs that can lead to Akathisia includes the antidepressant drugs like tricyclics and trazodone (desryl), anti emetic drugs, especially the dopamine blocker. And some of the recreational drugs such as GHB mathampethamine and MDMA, when given in higher dose.

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