Alopecia areata

Below you will find more information about Alopecia areata from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Alopecia areata it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Alopecia areata and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Alopecia areata comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Alopecia areata is a medical condition that affects humans, characterized by excessive loss of hair in certain areas of the body, typically the scalp. This disease is often referred to as spot baldness since the initial stage causes the formation of bald spots that gradually spread through all areas of the scalp.

Diagnosis

The first signs involve bald patches in small areas that are usually round on shape. Some patients sometimes feel pain or a slight tingle on the affected area. Medical professionals test the strength of the hair by simply tugging or pulling it to see if there are hair lost in the process.

Treatment

About 50% patients with alopecia areata, usually are able to regrow their hair without any aid of medication. In severe cases, steroid injections and floucinonide or clobetasol creams are prescribed. Oral cortisteriods can also be administered to decrease hair loss as well as topical medications. Hair implants can also be an option for people who with sever cases of alopecia.

Symptoms and Signs

Among the common symptoms of alopecia areata include balding, bald patches and hair loss. The symptoms gradually increase over time.

Causes

This type of hair loss is not contagious. However, hereditary may be a big factor of this condition as history of such disease in the family increases the probability of also acquiring such disorder, especially with family history of autoimmune diseases. Stress is also cited as a probable factor.

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