Anal Cancer

Below you will find more information about Anal Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Anal Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Anal Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Anal Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Anal cancer is a type of cancer which arises from the anus, the distal orifice of the gastrointestinal tract.

Diagnosis

Doctors use many tests to diagnose cancer and tell if it has metastasized (spread). Some tests may also tell which treatments may be the most effective. For most types, a biopsy is the only way to make a definitive diagnosis of cancer, if it is not possible, the doctor may suggest other tests that will help make a diagnosis.

Treatment

The treatment of anal cancer depends on the size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and the patient's overall health, including if the patient has HIV. In many cases, a team of doctors will operate with the patient to determine the best treatment plan. For anal cancer, there are three major types of treatment: surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Symptoms and Signs

People with anal cancer may experience the following symptoms: Bleeding from the anal area, Pain or pressure in the anal area, itching or discharge from the anus, a lump or swelling near the anus, a change in bowel habits or change in the diameter of the stool, but sometimes, people with anal cancer do not show any of these symptoms.

Causes

Anal Cancer is caused by sexual activity, lowered immunity level; smoking cigarette smoking may increase a person's risk of developing anal cancer.

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