Aniridia

Below you will find more information about Aniridia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Aniridia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Aniridia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Aniridia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Aniridia is an extremely rare congenital disease characterized by an underdevelopment of the patient's iris, which usually occur in both eyes. This condition is associated with very poor development of the retina at the back of the eye, which in turn, prevents normal vision development..

Treatment

Due to the high risk of cataracts and glaucoma, Aniridia sufferers need close observation by an ophthalmologist. Progressive glaucoma may persist from childhood into adulthood. Ophthalmologists may require you to take examinations to maximize visual functioning and controlling amelioriating light sensitivity. Some may even prescribe glasses or contact lenses because without iris functions, patients with Aniridia may become extremely sensitive to bright lights.

Clinical Features

Aniridia results in presence of iris stumps, relatively preserved vision, Limbal stem cell deficiency, corneal pannus, corneal epithelium, microcornea, sensory strabismus, nystagmus, glaucoma, lens subluxation, cataract, angle obstruction, foveal hypoplasia and optic nerve hypoplasia. Clinical features of Aniridia not related to the eyes include diabetes, abnormal sense of smell, unilateral polymicrogyria, reduced corpus callosum, WAGR syndrome, external genital anomalies and nephropathy.

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