Antitrypsin

Below you will find more information about Antitrypsin from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Antitrypsin it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Antitrypsin and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Antitrypsin comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic defect caused by an abnormal production of alpha-1 antitrypsin, a protein that thrives in the liver cells. The lack of this protein may cause severe disorders in the different organs and weakness of the immune system.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis can be done by genetic testing.

Treatment

Treatment of the disorder is done by intravenous infusions of alpha-1 antitrypsin that came from donated plasma. However, this treatment is not recommended to persons suffering from liver disease. Liver transplant may be needed for severe cases.

Symptoms and Signs

People with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency suffer from shortness of breath, rales and ronchi. They are also more prone to emphysema and liver disease.

Causes

Apart from being a genetic defect, the disease can also be aggravated by cigarette smoking, since the airways and other respiratory organs need alpha 1-antitrypsin as their protection against the effects of nicotine.

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