Asplenia

Below you will find more information about Asplenia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Asplenia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Asplenia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Asplenia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Asplenia is the lack ('a-') of spleen with its normal function and related with several severe infection dangers. Hyposplenism is used to refer to the decreases ('hypo-') splenic performance, but comparing it to asplenism it is not that severe. In general, splenic hypoplasia and asplenia refers to the entire or partial absence of the splenic function. Hereditary/congenital splenic abnormalities are commonly related with abnormalities in several organ systems, particularly cardiac irregularities but it can happen separately. Polyspenia is also regularly related with hereditary/congenital splenic abnormalities Loss of splenic function usually occurs as a result of surgical removal or autosplenectomy or, infarction in patients with hemoglobinopathies. Polysplenia, or bilateral left-sidedness, is also frequently associated with congenital cardiac anomalies.

Prevalence

The specific occurrence of this disease is not known in the US. About 3% of neonates with structural heart disease has polysplenia and asplenia and in 30% of patients who die because of cardiac malposition. Under diagnosed condition like isolated asplenia and hyposplenia is often discovered during autopsy.

Causes

1.Absence of splenic function commonly happens from a surgical removal or autosplenectomy, 2.Polysplenia and asplenia can be erratic or familial. 3.It is believed that genetic factors may play an essential part in the pathogens of congenital asplenia due to the fact that it has been accepted in several members of the same family and it is part of numerous well-known syndromes 4.Nonetheless, no particular hereditary defect has been recognized. 5.Since asplenia and polysplenia have been classified under the same family researches suggest that these defects can identify a range of associated conditions.

Prognosis

If the disease is diagnosed early and treatment is immediately applied a long-term prognosis with separate congenital asplenia is excellent. Significantly, in individuals older than 5 years old, the devastating sepsis decreases although it does not end. Physician care is the main component that contributes to the long-term treatment of individuals affected with asplenia. It is possible that hypoplasia, polysplenia and congenital asplenia is under diagnosed so it is important that awareness is increases on this diseases because it will help in saving the lives of patients who are immuno-compromised.

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