Asthma

Below you will find more information about Asthma from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Asthma it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Asthma and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Asthma comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Asthma is persistent condition affecting the respiratory system where in the airway seldom tightens, swells, and is lined with extreme amounts of mucus, usually in reaction to one or more triggers. The episodes may be set off by events such as contact to an environmental allergen or stimulant like cold air, moist air, warm air, excessive exercise or emotional stress. Common cold can set off the episodes on children.

Prevalence

In the US population, asthma affects over 5% involving children. The rate of children sufferers is 4.8 million. The fundamental cause of asthma is not yet known.

Symptoms and Signs

Several individuals distinguish asthma with chronic respiratory impairment and for others it is a discontinuous illness wherein episodes are triggered by environmental stimulants. Some of the symptoms below may be present in asthma.

Complications

Frequent absence in school Confinement at home Breathing problems Hospitalization/confinement Asphyxia Death Status asthmaticus - repetitive attacks of asthma with no interval.

Common Symptoms

Dyspenea Wheezing/breathless Coughing Stridor Lack of ability to exert physical activity For individuals experiencing severe asthma they do not exhibit wheezing or stridor and it might the symptoms might be confused with COPD-type disease.

Signs of asthma attacks include

Wheezing/tachpynea Extended/prolonged expiration Fast heart rate/tachycardia Rhonchous lung sounds Occurrence of inconsistent pulse Over-swelling of the chest The patient turns to blue from lack of oxygen resulting from very chronic attacks and loss of consciousness can happen. Palms may begin to perspire or numbness of the limbs is felt by the patient before losing consciousness. This kind of attack may even lead to respiratory arrest or worse death.

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