Back pain

Below you will find more information about Back pain from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Back pain it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Back pain and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Back pain comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Back pain is a relatively common complaint characterized by a painful sensation in the patient's back that may be attributed to a number of conditions.

Diagnosis

A test is usually not necessary to diagnose back pain. However, a physician may perform some diagnostic tests to determine the cause or origins of the pain, as well as its severity. If a tumor, infection, fracture, or any other specific condition is suspected, a physician may recommend: x-rays, MRI or CT scans, bone scans, and nerve studies such as electromyography.

Treatment

Most cases of back pain are resolved after a few weeks of home treatment and a period of rest. In more serious cases, however, some medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some types of antidepressants may be necessary. Additionally, physical therapy and exercise are integral parts of treatment. Very rarely, surgery may be recommended to correct the underlying structural anomalies that cause the pain.

Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms of back pain typically vary in intensity and severity, ranging from mild to severe. Back pain presents with intense aches, soreness, and varying degrees of pain felt in the back region.

Causes

Back pain may be caused by a number of factors affecting the muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and disks of the patient's spine. Strained muscles and ligaments may lead to back pain, particularly after heavy lifting or sudden awkward movements. Muscle spasms have also been known to cause back pain. In addition, certain structural problems may be involved. Bulging or ruptured disks, sciatica, arthritis, skeletal deformities, and osteoporosis have been known to contribute to back pain. In rare cases, back pain may result from serious conditions such as cauda equina syndrome, cancer in the spine, or infection of the spine.

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