Blood Pressure, High

Below you will find more information about Blood Pressure, High from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Blood Pressure, High it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Blood Pressure, High and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Blood Pressure, High comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Blood pressure, high (high blood pressure) is characterized by an abnormally elevated amount of blood being pumped by the heart. Medically, high blood pressure is known as hypertension.

Diagnosis

High blood pressure can be diagnosed by measuring the patient's blood pressure with an inflatable arm cuff and a pressure-measuring gauge. In addition, the guidelines outlined by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute also help in diagnosis.

Treatment

Treating high blood pressure treatment is crucial in avoiding potential serious and life-threatening complications. Regulating blood pressure requires lifestyle changes, particularly in one's diet and physical activities. Medications that may be used include: thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin, angiotensin II receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers, rennin inhibitors, alpha blockers, alpha-beta blockers, central-acting agents, and vasodilators.

Symptoms and Signs

People with high blood pressure may have it for years without any symptoms, even if the hypertension reaches dangerous levels. However, if untreated, it may lead to potentially life-threatening complications such as heart attacks and strokes. Some patients may experience dull headaches, dizziness spells, and frequent nosebleeds.

Causes

There is no definite cause for primary hypertension, which occurs in roughly 90 percent of cases. In 5 to 10 percent of cases, the cause is most probably an underlying condition, in which case it is known as secondary hypertension. Some conditions which can bring about hypertension are adrenal gland tumors, kidney abnormalities, certain congenital heart defects, and others. Some medications and illicit drugs are also known to increase blood pressure.

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