Bronchiolitis

Below you will find more information about Bronchiolitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Bronchiolitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Bronchiolitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Bronchiolitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Bronchiolitis is inflammation of the small airways of the lungs, usually occurring in young children between three to six months of age.

Diagnosis

Wheezing and prolonged breathing out can be detected by the doctor with the use of stethoscope. Chest X-ray has the capacity to aid visual checking for inflammation of the lung airways and to detect pneumonia. Mucus sample test uses a nasopharyngeal swab to identify the virus causing bronchiolitis. Blood tests are used to measure white blood cell levels as an indication that the body is fighting infection.

Treatment

Doctor will prescribe a bronchodilator (oral or inhaled ) to help open up airways in the lungs.

Symptoms and Signs

Runny and stuffy nose with or without fever are the initial symptoms manifested when a child has bronchiolitis. As the infection progresses, noisy breathing out(wheezing), harsh cough without the presence e of phlegm, rapid and sometimes difficult breathing, in combination with rapid heartbeat are experienced. Bluish-looking skin (cyanosis) is a sign of a severe episode which requires immediate medical attention.

Causes

Certain viruses like respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenzae virus, flu virus and other infectious agents may enter the respiratory system causing inflammation and swelling to the bronchioles making it difficult for air to flow generously through the lungs. Contamination is often through close contact, sneezing and touching objects contaminated with respiratory secretions.

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