Bunions

Below you will find more information about Bunions from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Bunions it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Bunions and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Bunions comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Bunions pertain to abnormal bony bumps that grow on the joint at the base of the big toe, causing the latter to enlarge.

Diagnosis

A bunion can be easily diagnosed by looking at the affected foot. For a definite diagnosis, an X-ray may be done on the foot to determine the cause of the bunion as well as assess its severity.

Treatment

Initially, treatment includes self-care steps such as changing the one's shoes, padding the bump, as well as wearing shoe inserts to prevent further aggravation. Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed for pain relief. However, surgery may be necessary if the bunion is particularly severe or resistant to conservative steps. A surgical procedure known as bunionectomy may be done to remove the swollen tissue from around the big toe joint, straighten the big toe by removing part of the bone, or permanently joining the bones of affected joints.

Symptoms and Signs

In general, bunions have the following signs and symptoms: a bulging bump on the outside of the big toe's base; swelling and soreness around the joint of the big toe; skin thickening at base of the big toe; restricted movement; as well as persistent or intermittent pain. Bunions are often painful, making walking difficult in normal shoes. The pain from bunions can vary from mild to severe.

Causes

Bunions may be caused by a number of factors, but the most common cause is wearing ill-fitting or extremely tight shoes. In addition, bunions may also form as a consequence of congenital structural defects, foot injuries, constant stress on the foot, and other medical conditions. Some neuromuscular disorders such as post-polio syndrome and cerebral palsy can also cause bunions.

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