Central Diabetes Insipidus

Below you will find more information about Central Diabetes Insipidus from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Central Diabetes Insipidus it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Central Diabetes Insipidus and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Central Diabetes Insipidus comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Central diabetes insipidus is the body's deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone, causing too much production of extremely dilute urine. It is uncommon, and involves intense thirst and over urination. The condition indicates the kidney's inability to balance urine concentration.

Diagnosis

Urinalysis will illustrate low concentration of the salt present in one's urine. Water restriction test allows the diagnosis of how well one's kidney works, as well as the amount of urine produced. Blood tests are also done to check for plasma sodium concentration.

Treatment

Desmopressin or vasopressin can be taken a few times daily. The condition can sometimes be controlled through medicines that stimulate vasopressin hormone production, but these medications are not likely to alleviate symptoms totally for people with severe condition.

Symptoms and Signs

Indicators can start slowly or abruptly at all ages. Frequently, the only signs are excessive production of urine and extreme thirst. An individual can drink large quantities of fluid to compensate the fluid lost by urination. The favored drink is often cold water. If compensation isn't probable, dehydration may rapidly follow, causing shock and low blood pressure. In children, this condition may interfere with eating, appetite, weight, as well as growth. It can also present vomiting, diarrhea, or fever.

Causes

Central diabetes insipidus is generally caused by the body's decreased production of vasopressin, a hormone that aids in the regulation of the body's water. It can also be caused by lack of the hormone, as well as the failure to release this hormone into one's bloodstream by the pituitary gland. Other causes include damage on the hypothalamus during surgery, brain injury, tumor, tuberculosis, aneurysm, and several forms of meningitis.

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