Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Below you will find more information about Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is an immune-mediated inflammatory disorder that attacks the peripheral nervous system but as well involves the central nervous system. It is sometimes known as chronic relapsing polyneuropathy and is related to Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Diagnosis

Patients diagnosed with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneropathy show loss of tendon reflexes, shrinkage of muscles, fasciculations and loss of sensation. They may also have Multi-Focal Motor neuropathy and present a peripheral nerve or cranial nerve dysfunction. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is diagnosed by electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction study (NCS). NCS show demyelination in a person with CIDP, and the findings include presence of abnormal temporal dispersion in one or more motor nerves, reduced nerve conduction speed, absence o F waves in two or more motor nerves.

Treatment

Medical substances such as corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin are the primary medications prescribed for patients with CIPD. In severe cases, immunosuppresive drugs which are often cytotoxic are used to reduce the activity of the immune system. Patients also undergo physiotherapy to strengthen their bones and muscles for faster recovery. It also minimizes atrophy and joint distortion. It is important to diagnose the disease early in order to get the right treatment as well as to prevent the loss of nerve axons because they have the tendency to deteriorate as the disease develops. CIDP is a demyelinating condtion like Multiple Sclerosis, thus it is not possible to determine how the disease would affect the patient in the future. He may suffer a relapse, and it would be more devastating than the one he first experienced.

Causes

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is believed to caused by the immune cells incorrectly attacking the body's nerves instead of fighting foreign infection. Because of this the nerves are unable to respond to stimuli causing pain, progressive muscle weakness, fatigue and numbness all throughout the body.

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