Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Below you will find more information about Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Chronic myelogenous leukemia or CML is a rare kind of blood cell cancer. It is considered as chronic leukemia due to its slow progression pattern, sometimes over a period of years. CML isn't solid tumor that may be removed surgically. Fortunately, prognosis for individuals with CML might be improving due to new medications for treatment of the condition.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of the condition can be done through certain procedures and tests. The most usual diagnostic procedures include physical exam, bone marrow exam, complete blood count, imaging tests, FISH analysis, and polymerase chain reaction.

Treatment

People with CML have several options for treatment including targeted medications, chemotherapy, clinical trials, biological therapy, and stem cell transplant.

Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms can differ depending on cancer stage before treatment starts. Early signs include weight loss, appetite loss, fever, fatigue, fullness or pain under the rib's left side, and excessive sweating when sleeping. Advanced symptoms include anemia, breath shortness, anemia, pale skin, fatigue, easy bleeding, frequent infections, joint pain, bone pain, bruising, stroke, and petechiae.

Causes

The condition emerges from a multifaceted mutation process that involves genes and chromosomes in the blood cells. The process involves Philadelphia chromosome and irregular white blood cells.

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