Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia

Below you will find more information about Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia is an illness wherein cells that normally develop into monocytes, basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils become cancerous. This is a slow-progressing kind of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative illness where countless white blood cells called myelomonocytes are present in one's bone marrow, and crowds out the normal blood cells.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based on results of blood test. The test can show abnormal count of white blood cell. Tests that examine chromosomes are required to confirm diagnosis.

Treatment

While most treatments don't actually cure the illness, they actually slow the progress. Treatment for the chronic stage is believed successful if the count of white blood cell reduces to less than what's considered fairly high level. High-dose chemotherapy together with stem cell transplant is the single chance of cure.

Symptoms and Signs

In the early stages of the disease, may not have symptoms. However, a number of people become weak and fatigued, lose weight, lose appetite, develop fever, night sweats, and observe a feeling of being full due to enlarged spleen. In its progressive stage, patients become sicker due to decreased number of the platelets and red blood cells, and leads to bruising, paleness, and bleeding.

Causes

The exact cause of the illness isn't understood, and it appears to develop from combined environmental and genetic factors.

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