Colitis

Below you will find more information about Colitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Colitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Colitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Colitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Colitis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract primarily distinguished by colon inflammation. The disease causes sores and swellings, known as ulcers, in the large intestines' top layer lining.

Diagnosis

A thorough examination of the rectum is given to test and monitor blood from stool and other anal changes. Laboratory test like stool samples, blood test, full blood count and x-rays are conducted. Procedures like Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy are performed to evaluate the condition.

Treatment

Treatment may vary depending on how serious the disease is. General anti-inflammatory medications and antibiotics are administered to the patient. Treatment like Mesalamine and other drugs reduce and control swelling. In severe cases, surgery is often required to remove the damaged colon and create pouch from portions of the small intestine. An effective way to treat and ease the symptoms of colitis is to have a healthy diet, avoiding carbohydrate-rich foods.

Symptoms and Signs

People with colitis experience cramps on lower abdomen. Other symptoms include recurrent loose bowel movements accompanied with blood and rectal bleeding, fever, diarrhea, and loss of appetite resulting to excessive loss of weight. If chronic inflammatory bowel disease is further developed, then the occurrence of neck and joint pains, kidney and liver problems, as well pain in the eye and skin rashes manifests.

Causes

Various processes of diseases like chronic and acute infections are among of some causes of colitis. The lack of blood flow contributes to the incidence of the disease.

Discuss Colitis in our forums

Discuss Colitis with other members of Medigest in our forums.