Colon Cancer

Below you will find more information about Colon Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Colon Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Colon Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Colon Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Colon cancer is malignancy (cancer) of the large intestine; which is the lower part of the digestive system; usually starting as small, benign cell appearing in clusters known as adenomatous polyps.

Diagnosis

Fecal occult blood test checks the presence of blood in the stool by submitting a stool sample. Stool DNA test is accurate for detecting colon cancer by means of DNA markers analysis. Barium Enema helps to evaluate the condition of the entire large intestine through X-ray.

Treatment

Surgery called colectomy is the primary treatment for colon cancer. Colectomy is the surgical removal of a portion of the colon containing the cancer or the entire colon if that is the case. Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy, which is aimed at destroying cancer cells before or after surgery.

Symptoms and Signs

A remarkable change in bowel habits is expected such as diarrhea and constipation or change in stool consistency usually occurring for couple of weeks. There is presence of blood in the stool and bleeding in the rectum. Cramps, gas, and other describable abdominal discomfort that continuously persists; fatigue and unexplainable weight loss are some of the symptoms of colon cancer.

Causes

As with all other cancers, an alteration occurring in healthy cells is the cause of colon cancer. There are several factors that increase the risk of developing colon cancer including high fat intake, family history of colon cancer, presence of polyps in the large intestine, chronic ulcerative colitis; which is a medical condition itself.

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