Colorectal Cancer

Below you will find more information about Colorectal Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Colorectal Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Colorectal Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Colorectal Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Colorectal cancer is the medical term for both colon cancer and rectal cancer. The former is cancer of the colon, while the latter is cancer of the colon's last 6 inches.

Diagnosis

Patients undergo screening and diagnostic tests to detect polyps and early stage of cancer. Such tests include stool blood test, stool DNA test, barium enema, colonoscopy, and virtual colonoscopy.

Treatment

Colorectal cancer is mainly treated with surgery. However, treatment usually depends on the stage of the cancer. The doctor may opt for surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation. These options depend on the cancer's location in the colon, its penetration in the wall of the colon, and whether it is spread to the patient's lymph nodes or other parts of the body.

Symptoms and Signs

Most affected individuals have not experienced any symptoms, which when they occur depends on the size and location of the cancer in the large intestine. Those who experience symptoms may notice a change in their bowel habits more than a couple of weeks, blood in the stool, or bleeding of the rectum. Others also experience cramps, gas, or pain in the abdomen.

Causes

Generally, cancer is caused by the mutation of healthy cells. However, its exact is unknown.

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