Coma

Below you will find more information about Coma from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Coma it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Coma and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Coma comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Coma is a state in which an individual is unconscious for a prolonged length of time due to a variety of problems such as a stroke, traumatic head injury, brain tumor, or an underlying illness such as an infection or diabetes.

Diagnosis

Doctors perform a physical examination on the patient by checking reflexes and response to painful stimuli as well as the pupil size. Blood samples are also taken to check complete blood count, electrolytes, glucose, and liver function, carbon monoxide poisoning, or drug overdose. The doctor may also perform a spinal tap or brain scans.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause of the coma. Individuals in coma are given assistance in maintaining their respiration and circulation. They may be administered intravenously with glucose or antibiotics in case of diabetic shock or the brain affected by an infection. Doctors may opt for surgery to alleviate brain swelling.

Symptoms and Signs

Individuals who are in a coma have closed eyes. Their limbs do not respond to any stimuli except for reflex movements.

Causes

A person may be in a coma due to any of a variety of problems such as rraumatic brain injuries, stroke, diabetes, lack of oxygen, infections, or toxins, which may also cause brain damage leading to coma.

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