Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Below you will find more information about Congenital diaphragmatic hernia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Congenital diaphragmatic hernia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Congenital diaphragmatic hernia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is the medical term used to refer to a number of different congenital birth defects that usually involve the highly abnormal development of the child's diaphragm. Among the most common deformity in majority of the cases is malformation of the diaphragm. Newborns with CDH typically suffer from severe respiratory pain which is considered as a life-threatening case unless treatment is administered appropriately.

Diagnosis

Clinical tests include ABG measurements, chromosome studies through skin biopsy, chest radiography, cardiac ultrasonography, and renal and cranial ultrasonography.

Treatment

Medical Care for patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia include the attachment of the orogastric tube, use of mechanical ventilation strategies, alkanization, as well as possible fetal lung surgery including lung transplantation.

Symptoms and Signs

Infants suffering from congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently show signs of a barrel-shaped chest, scaphoid abdomen, and several symptoms of respiratory distress such grunting respirations, retractions, and cyanosis.

Causes

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia typically occurs during the lung development stage called pseudoglandular. This is often associated to a number of bronchial generations such as alveoli and several arterial generations. This condition is believed to be a cause of the mutation of gene and chromosome abnormalities. Just recently, medical studies have shown the deletion of the 8p,1q and 15q are directly related to congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

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