Congenital nephrotic syndrome

Below you will find more information about Congenital nephrotic syndrome from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Congenital nephrotic syndrome it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Congenital nephrotic syndrome and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Congenital nephrotic syndrome comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.


Congenital nephrotic syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the kidney and is characterized by the presence of protein in the urine. This is a rare form of disease that is usually seen among Finnish families. This condition is primarily caused by nephrin in the kidney.


Diagnosis for the congenital nephrotic syndrome is mainly based on clinical findings, which usually results from investigations aid in distinguishing the etiology as well as monitoring and planning of treatment. Urinalysis and blood tests are usually conducted to determine and monitor the protein levels.


Hospitalization may not be necessary as long as caregivers are able to provide proper educated parenting and close out-patient monitoring. Intravenous albumin and diuretics are usually administered.

Symptoms and Signs

Infants with congenital nephrotic syndrome have unusual swelling of the face. Periorbital edema is also quite common among neonatal patients.


The congenital nephrotic syndrome has a number of underlying causes. This medical condition can be a result of a utero-infection such as toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, syphilis or as a result of a genetic disease. It is usually an autosomal recessive disorder, which means both parents have to be carriers to transmit the disease to the fetus.

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