Congenital Toxoplasmosis

Below you will find more information about Congenital Toxoplasmosis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Congenital Toxoplasmosis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Congenital Toxoplasmosis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Congenital Toxoplasmosis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Congenital toxoplasmosis is defined as a set of symptoms and traits caused by fetus infection with an organism called Toxoplasma gondii. The disease is usually mild for the mother, and might not even be evident. However, the infected fetus can be the cause of many problems. Early pregnancy infection results in serious health troubles compared to getting the disease later in pregnancy.

Diagnosis

Congenital toxoplasmosis can be diagnosed through physical examination, as well as prenatal tests and postnatal tests. Prenatal exams include fetal blood testing, amniotic fluid testing, abdomen ultrasound, and antibody titer. Postnatal exams include brain CT scan, brain MRI scan, torch screen, neurological exam, and standard eye examination.

Treatment

For infected pregnant mothers, Spiramycin may treat the infection. Sulfadiazine and Pyrimethmine may treat fetal infection when diagnosed at pregnancy. Infected infant's treatment usually includes sulfadiazine, leucovorin, and pyrimethamine for a year. They can also be given steroids at times, if their eyesight is endangered or if protein level is high in spinal fluid.

Symptoms and Signs

The disease may damage the fetus' eyes, ears, skin, and nervous system. Symptoms include enlarge spleen and liver, anemia, jaundice, prematurity, skin rash, low birth weight, and eye damage due to retina inflammation.

Causes

The disease is caused by a parasite known as Toxoplasma Gondi. A fetus may be infected if the mother has the disease, or if there is history of the disease in her previous pregnancies.

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