Corneal Dystrophy

Below you will find more information about Corneal Dystrophy from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Corneal Dystrophy it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Corneal Dystrophy and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Corneal Dystrophy comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Corneal dystrophy is defined as a disorder wherein one or more portions of the eye's cornea lose normal clarity, resulting from an increase of a cloudy material. There are more than twenty types of corneal dystrophies affecting all parts of a cornea, including keratoconus, Fuch's dystrophy, lattice dystrophy, and map-dot fingerprint dystrophy.

Diagnosis

A doctor may diagnose corneal dystrophy through examinations and additional tests. Some tests include visual acuity test, pachymetry, specular microscope tests, and slit-lamp examination.

Treatment

Treatment also depends on type and severity corneal dystrophy. These may include topical anesthetic eyedrops, antibiotics, soft contact lenses for vision improvement and discomfort reduction, surgery, and cornea transplant.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of the condition vary on type and severity. However, there are three common indications for all types of corneal dystrophy: eye pain, visual impairment, and periodic eye pain.

Causes

Depending on the type of corneal dystrophy, causes can include heredity, cornel abrasion, and corneal ulcers. Corneal abrasion typically roots from a foreign body embedded under one's eyelid, or even fingernail scratch; the epithelium does not at all times heal properly, and recurrent erosion of the cornea can develop into corneal dystrophy. Corneal ulcers are generally the result of bacteria, fungal, viral, or protozoan infections.

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