Coronary Heart Disease

Below you will find more information about Coronary Heart Disease from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Coronary Heart Disease and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Coronary Heart Disease comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Coronary heart disease is a condition in which the arteries responsible for supplying blood to the heart muscle, harden and narrow. This is the result of a plaque on its inner walls. This plaque leads to less blood flow throughout the arteries, which in turn causes the heart muscle to not get the oxygen it requires. The condition is also known as 'Coronary Artery Disease'.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based on medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and diagnostic tests.

Treatment

Changes in one's lifestyle can promote better arteries. For smokers, quitting is a very important thing to do. Eating healthy and regular exercise. Sometimes procedures and medications are needed for improving flow of blood. Medications include cholesterol medicines, beta-blockers, aspirin, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers. Procedures include laser revascularization, coronary artery bypass surgery, coronary brachytherapy, and angioplasty and stent placement.

Symptoms and Signs

Initially, the limited blood flow might not show any symptoms. However, as fatty deposits keep on accumulating in the coronary arteries, the following symptoms may occur: chest pain, breath shortness, and heart attack.

Causes

Coronary heart disease is said to begin with injury or damage to the coronary arteries' inner layer. This damage can be caused by different aspects, including smoking, high cholesterol, hypertension, chest radiation therapy, and certain diseases.

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