Cortical dysplasia

Below you will find more information about Cortical dysplasia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cortical dysplasia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cortical dysplasia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cortical dysplasia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Cortical dysplasia is a congenital disorder characterized by the failure of neurons usually found near the brain's celebral cortex to migrate in the proper formation in utero, causing the neurons to grow larger than normal. This is found to result to disorganization of the normal structure of the cerebral cortex, causing seizures and developmental delays.

Diagnosis

To find out if a patient has this disease, digital imaging needs to be performed.

Treatment

Individuals with cortical dysplasia may suppress seizures through medication and surgery. Surgery is more commonly employed.

Symptoms and Signs

Cortical dysplasia causes patients to suffer from epilepsy or seizures and brain retardation. Focal cortical dysplasia is recognized as the most common cause of intractable seizures among children.

Causes

How these neurons become larger than the normal is still unknown to modern science. The source however is believed to be neuronal or glial progenitor cells.

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