Cryptococcosis

Below you will find more information about Cryptococcosis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cryptococcosis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cryptococcosis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cryptococcosis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Cryptococcosis is an infection arising from the inhalation of the soil contaminated with fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. It is characterized by pulmonary infection, meningitis, viscera, pneumonia as well other organ disorders. Disorders such as AIDS and Hodgkin's disease increase the risk of acquiring cryptococcosis. In fact, it used to be a rare infection before the start of AIDS epidemic.

Diagnosis

Infections are detected in blood cultures, sputum and urine sample. In cases of crytococcal meningitis, the levels of CSF protein are elevated while mononuclear cell pleocytosis is observed, predominated by neutrophilia. The glucose levels are low, while latex test for cryptococcal capsular antigen will reveal positive results in CSF.

Treatment

If the immune system is still functioning, the patient with cryptococcosis in a small area of his lungs may not need treatment. Patients with weak immune system are advised to take fluconazole, Drugs used to treat people with a weakened immune system include fluconazole. For his meningitis, the patient is given amphotericin B.

Symptoms and Signs

AIDS patients afflicted with Cryptococcal meningitis may not manifest symptoms. Non-AIDS patients however will experience headaches, cloudy vision, behavioral changes such as depression and confusion. Cryptococcosis affecting the lungs manifest itself with pulmonary lesions, cough as well as unspecified respiratory symptoms.

Causes

The fungus called Cryptococcus neoformans causes cryptococcosis .

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