Cryptosporidium Infection

Below you will find more information about Cryptosporidium Infection from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cryptosporidium Infection it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cryptosporidium Infection and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cryptosporidium Infection comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Cryptosporidium infection is a gastrointestinal disease.

Diagnosis

The disease is diagnosed through an acid-staining test that identifies cryptosporidium under a microscope. The analyzed cells are obtained from the patient's stool sample or tissue sample from the colon in severe cases. A standard stool culture be used to rule out other bacterial pathogens.

Treatment

The disease has no reliable treatment because infected humans with healthy immune systems usually recover from it. However, the disease in those with unhealthy immune systems may lead to malnutrition and wasting. Treatment of the disease is focused on alleviating its symptoms and improving the person's immune response. Treatment options may be taking of anti-parasitic drugs, anti-motility agents, fluid replacement, and anti-retroviral therapies.

Symptoms and Signs

The infected person suffers from watery diarrhea lasting up to two weeks. Other symptoms may include dehydration, malnutrition, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea, malaise, or vomiting. However, people with healthy immune systems do not manifest any symptoms.

Causes

Cryptosporidium infection is caused by the ingestion of the cells of any type of cryptosporidium parasite. The majority of human infections are caused by the Cryptosporidium parvum (C. parvum) species. The disease is spread through contact with surfaces touched by an infected human or animal feces.

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