Cystic hygroma

Below you will find more information about Cystic hygroma from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cystic hygroma it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cystic hygroma and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cystic hygroma comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Cystic Hygroma is a fluid filled sac that came about from an obstruction in the lymphatic system. It can either be single or multiple cysts found in the neck area. Cystic Hygroma can be congenital or it could develop at any time in a person's life.

Diagnosis

Usually the lump is physically obvious and would not require imaging tests for diagnosis. Nonetheless, to have an approximate evaluation of the abnormality, Magnetic Resonance Imaging is deemed very helpful.

Treatment

Cystic Hygroma can be treated by complete removal of the fluid filled sac or abnormal tissue. In cases where the cystic hygromas have already invaded other neck structures, the surgery will be impossible. Other treatments can be done such as chemotherapy, sclerotherapy, radiation therapy and steroids but with minimal success. In some cases, when the complete removal is impossible, the cystic hygroma normally returns. Other tests include ultrasound and CT scan.

Symptoms and Signs

The most well known symptom is a mass found on the neck.

Causes

Cystic hygromas can either occur as a separate finding or with other birth defects. Normally, cystic hygromas result from environmental factors and genetic factors. Environmental causes include viral infections or substance abuse (alcohol) during pregnancy. Aside from the two factors mentioned there are other unknown factors that can cause cystic hygroma.

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