Cystinuria

Below you will find more information about Cystinuria from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cystinuria it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cystinuria and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cystinuria comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Cystinuria is an type inherited metabolic disorder, where the natural reabsorption and filtration of amino acid, cystine, lysine and aginine by the patient's kidney are defective. This would cause the urine to contain elevated levels of cystine that causes the formation of kidney stones. This medical condition account to about 1% of kidney stones and usually occurs to 1 per every 7,000 people and are more common among Jews.

Diagnosis

Most often, cystinuria is typically diagnosed when the patient is detected to have cystine kidney stone, which often shows in the urinalysis. Abdominal x-rays, intravenous pyelogram and renal ultrasound procedures are also done to confirm diagnosis.

Treatment

The primary treatment for cystinuria is focused on the kidney stone formation prevention. Patients are asked to drink large amounts of liquid such as water and citrus to dilute stones and reduce acidity. For medications, Penicillamine, alpha, captopril, mercaptopropionylglycine or bucillamine may be prescribed. For severe cases, kidney surgery may be required as well as change in diet.

Symptoms and Signs

Generally, the sole symptom of cystinuria is the formation of cystine kidney stones than would often recur all throughout a person's lifetime. This condition may also be associated with urinary tract infections, high blood pressure, kidney insufficiency or damage.

Causes

As discussed cystinuria is caused by a metabolic disorder that is inherited and greatly affects the patient's kidney.

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