Below you will find more information about Cystocele from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cystocele it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Cystocele and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Cystocele comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.


A cystocele, sometimes called prolapsed bladder is characterized when the wall between a woman's bladder and the vagina stretches and weakens, letting the bladder bulge into the vagina.


Doctors will conduct a pelvic exam in order to diagnose cystocele. They may instruct you to contract the muscles or your pelvis, ask you to bear down and push as if you are having a bowel movement, letting them see how far the bladder protrudes into the vagina and they may also look for the telltale bulge in the vaginal wall, making prolapse easy to diagnose.


The treatment for cystocele is dependent on the severity of the condition. Self care measures such as special exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles may be done in mild cases or to those with few or no obvious symptoms. Treatments in case self-care measures are not effective may be done through estrogen therapy to those who have experienced menopause which can either be done orally or in a vaginal cream, where estrogen which helps keeps muscles strong decreases after menopause. Another treatment is done through vaginal pessary where a plastic or rubber ring is inserted in the vagina, supporting the bladder by pushing it up back into place.

Symptoms and Signs

Cystocele symptoms may include recurrent bladder infections, loss of urinary control with coughing, laughing or sneezing (stress incontinence), pain or urinary leakage during sexual intercourse, increased discomfort when you strain, cough, bear down or lift; a feeling of fullness or pressure in your pelvis and vagina especially when standing for long periods of time; a feeling that you haven't completely emptied your bladder after urinating and a bulge tissue that protrudes through the vaginal opening in severe cases.


The most common causes of cystocele are pregnancy and childbirth. This is because of the stretching and the weakening of the muscles and ligaments that support and hold the vagina during labor and delivery. Multiple pregnancies make cystoceles more common. Cystocele may also be caused by straining your pelvic floor muscles through straining with bowel movements, being obese or overweight, having a chronic cough or bronchitis and repeated heavy lifting.

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