Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Below you will find more information about Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Progressive spinal muscular atrophy is a disease marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons located in the spinal cord, which causes weakness and wasting of the voluntary muscles.

Diagnosis

Muscle biopsy involves taking a muscle sample for examination with the aim to determine and confirm diagnosis of progressive spinal muscular atrophy. Electromyogram measures the muscle's electrical activity; abnormal electrical muscle activity caused by diseases and neuromuscular conditions can be distinguished by Electromyogram.

Treatment

At present, there is still no specific treatment to heal damage to the nerve. Supportive care is managed with the help of physio and respiratory drainage.

Symptoms and Signs

Weakness and wasting of voluntary muscles is more severe in the legs compared to the arms. Because of the atrophied muscles in the parts closest to the body, there is great difficulty experienced in walking, crawling, swallowing. There is also difficulty in controlling the head and neck. Babies suffering for progressive spinal muscular atrophy will have trouble in lifting the head, delayed or lack in normal development in combination with problems in swallowing, breathing, and eating. Due to non-activity muscles are expected to shrink in size causing more difficulty.

Causes

Progressive spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive condition caused by progressive deterioration of motor neurons in the spinal cord causing damage to nerve cells resulting to muscle atrophy.

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