Prostate Cancer

Below you will find more information about Prostate Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Prostate Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Prostate Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Prostate Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

This is a disease where in cancer happens in a gland in the male reproductive system which is known as prostrate. This happens when prostrate cells mutate and start to multiply uncontrollably.

Diagnosis

Rectal exam (Digital) Blood test - Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) Urine tests - to check for infection or blood Transrectal ultrasonography Ultrasound Intravenous pyelogram Cystoscopy Biopsy Pathology analysis

Treatment

Active surveillance and watchful waiting Radiation therapy Hormonal Therapy Surgery Cryosurgey Palliative care High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)

Symptoms and Signs

Sometimes symptoms of prostate cancer do not occur in its early stage though when symptoms occur it is usually similar to those diseases like benign prostatic hypertrophy. Such symptoms are as follows: Difficulty in urinating Erectile dysfunction Frequent urination Difficulty in starting and maintaining a steady flow of urine Blood in the urine Painful Urination

Causes

The following have been suspected to develop prostate cancer. Racial or family predisposition Environmental elements exposure Co-existing sexually transmitted diseases Endogenous hormonal influence Imbalance in androgen and estrogen level High levels of dihydrotestosterone Mutations in the genes of cells High-frequency radiation It has also been implicated that eating fat-containing animal products contribute in developing this disease.

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