Protein-Energy Malnutrition

Below you will find more information about Protein-Energy Malnutrition from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Protein-Energy Malnutrition it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Protein-Energy Malnutrition and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Protein-Energy Malnutrition comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Protein-energy malnutrition also known as protein-calorie malnutrition is a potentially fatal body-depletion ailment developing in children and adults who consumes insufficient amounts of protein and energy to meet the nutritional demands of the body.

Diagnosis

Carefully evaluated physical examination and health history in combination to the signs and symptoms present can provide accurate diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition.

Treatment

Treatment is aimed at providing sufficient nutrition to restore normal body composition and treat the condition that may have caused the nutritional deficit. Infections can be treated by means of antibiotics. In cases where muscles have been greatly affected by the malnutrition, physical therapy may be helpful in rehabilitation and restoration of strength and function.

Symptoms and Signs

Individuals with protein-energy malnutrition may lose about 10% to 20% of body weight without trying leading to deteriorated grip and lack of ability to carry out tasks that require high energy. In some severe cases symptoms may include low blood pressure and body temperature; aged-looking skin; hair that is dry, brittle, and thin; skin ulcerations, and lethargy.

Causes

The disorder is caused by insufficient consumption of protein and energy foods needed by the body. There are also cases wherein the insufficiency is due to occur in individuals who are incapable of absorbing and converting vital nutrients to energy necessary for healthy tissue formation and proper organ action.

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