PVL S. Aureus

Below you will find more information about PVL S. Aureus from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of PVL S. Aureus it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with PVL S. Aureus and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to PVL S. Aureus comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

PVL stands for Panton-Valentine leukocidin which is a cytotoxin. It has been said that the occurrence of PVL is due to the increased virulence of several strains of Staphylococcus aureus.

Diagnosis

Abscesses should be drained, infection control where in patients should be screened for S. aureus carriage, MRSA decolonisation may be performed to get rid of skin or upper respiratory carriage. N.B. screening is also done to make sure recovery of S. aureus independent of their susceptibility to meticillin.

Treatment

It is usually treated with some kinds of penicillin and erythromycin.

Symptoms and Signs

Usually the symptoms are cellulites and skin infections with pus like boils. In very uncommon cases symptoms can be serious persistent infections.

Causes

The PVL can be generated by both meticillin resistant and meticillin sensitive strains of S. aureus.

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