Pyelonephritis

Below you will find more information about Pyelonephritis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Pyelonephritis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Pyelonephritis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Pyelonephritis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Pyelonephritis is a kind of urinary tract infection that affects the pyelum or pelvis. It is sometimes called pyelitis.

Diagnosis

The disease can be diagnosed then nitrite and leukocytes are present on a urine test. Ultrasound meanwhile is used to determine kidney stones and other anatomical problems for those who have recurring infections.

Treatment

The disease can be treated by the use of antibiotics. Mild cases of pyelonephritis can be treated with oral medication, but intravenous antibiotics are always recommended. Drugs such as fluoroquinolones, beta-lactam and nitrofurantoin are the ones commonly used for treatment.

Symptoms and Signs

Among the symptoms of the disease is abdominal pain, tenderness of the bladder area, as well as dysuria. Other signs of pyelonephritis are chills, fever, vomiting and headache.

Causes

Pyelonephritis results from a number of causes: it can be community acquired due to bowel organisms such as E.coli. Infections may also come from the hospital because of coliforms and enterococci.

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