Rabbit Fever

Below you will find more information about Rabbit Fever from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Rabbit Fever it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Rabbit Fever and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Rabbit Fever comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Rabbit fever is an infectious disease that attacks the skin, eyes, and lungs. It is also referred to as deerfly fever or tularemia.

Diagnosis

The doctor checks culture samples of the patients' blood or sputum for F. tularensis. However, diagnosis is preferably done through identification of antibodies to the bacteria in the patient's blood sample. Patients may also undergo a chest X-ray to check for signs of pneumonia.

Treatment

Patients are effectively treated through injection of antibiotics such as streptomycin or gentamicin into a muscle or vein. However, other patients may only be prescribed with oral antibiotics such as tetracycline and receive therapy for complications such as meningitis or pneumonia. Those who recovered from the disease usually become immune but others experience a recurrence or reinfection.

Symptoms and Signs

Individuals exposed to the bacteria usually become sick within two to 10 days. Various types of the disease exist but affected individuals usually experience fever, chills, headache, and exhaustion. A certain type affects the eyes causing pain, redness, swelling and discharge, as well as ulcer inside of the eyelid. Another type causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Causes

The bacterium Francisella tularensis causes the disease. It spreads through insect bites and direct exposure to an infected animal, airborne bacteria, and consumption of contaminated food or water.

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