Renal Cancer

Below you will find more information about Renal Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Renal Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Renal Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Renal Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Renal cancer means cancer of the kidney; renal being the Latin word for kidney. The most common form of renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma, which starts in the renal tubule.

Diagnosis

Symptoms of renal cancer may resemble other diseases. In most cases, renal cancer is asymptomatic in its early stages. The disease is frequently detected incidentally through imaging for unrelated conditions. For a diagnosis of renal cancer, a medical history and physical examination of the patient are important diagnostic factors. Physicians may order blood and urine lab tests, IVP (intravenous pyelogram), renal angiography, computer tomography scan, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), sonography or ultrasound, and other imaging tests. Based on the results of these initial tests, a biopsy may be necessitated to screen for malignancy.

Treatment

In about 40% of known cases, where the cancer is restricted only in the kidneys, it can be treated successfully 90% of the time through surgery. If the cancer has spread beyond the kidneys and into other organs of the body (often into the lymph nodes), then adjunctive therapy, including cytoreductive surgery, becomes necessary.

Symptoms and Signs

Flank pain, hematuria, and abdominal mass are the three most common symptoms of renal cancer, particularly of renal cell carcinoma. These three signs are collectively called "too late triad", due to the fact that in most cases, these symptoms present at a time when the disease is too advanced for any form of intervention. Most of renal tumors are asymptomatic and detected incidentally in unrelated screening. Other indicative signs include abnormal urine color, weight loss, vision abnormalities, plethora or pallor, high blood pressure, constipation, and hypercalcemia (elevated levels of calcium).

Causes

Although the exact cause of renal cancer is currently not known, there are a number of risk factors involved. Smoking has been known to increase a person's chances of developing renal cancer. Studies have also revealed a link between renal cancer and exposure to asbestos and cadmium. Family history can also play a major factor, as well as obesity and a high fat diet. In addition, patients afflicted with tuberous sclerosis as well as those with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome are predisposed.

Discuss Renal Cancer in our forums

Discuss Renal Cancer with other members of Medigest in our forums.