Scimitar Syndrome

Below you will find more information about Scimitar Syndrome from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Scimitar Syndrome it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Scimitar Syndrome and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Scimitar Syndrome comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital heart defect wherein one or more of the four veins transporting oxygenated blood from the lungs drain to the right atrium of the heart instead of the left atrium. In this medical condition, the right pulmonary vein is connected to the inferior vena cava instead of the left atrium. This rare medical condition is also known as pulmanory venolobar syndrome.

Diagnosis

Scimitar syndrome can be diagnosed by means of different useful diagnostic procedures like echocardiography (can be either transthoracic or transesophageal), angiography, computerized chest tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Treatment

Scimitar syndrome cases with the presence of significant left to right shunting and pulmonary hypertension surgical procedure aimed at correcting the defect is of useful consideration. In this procedure, an inter-atrial baffle is created to redirect the pulmonary venous return into the left atrium. There are also cases wherein the anomalous vein can be re-implanted directly into the left atrium.

Symptoms and Signs

Some of the symptoms of Scimitar syndrome include: * Cyanosis; also known as blue skin or purple skin * Shortness of breath * Respiratory distress * Heart murmur * Hypoxia * Pulmonary hypertension * Grunting

Causes

The cause of Scimitar syndrome is still unknown.

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