Septo-optic Dysplasia

Below you will find more information about Septo-optic Dysplasia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Septo-optic Dysplasia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Septo-optic Dysplasia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Septo-optic Dysplasia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Septo-optic dysplasia is a rare disorder marked by abnormal development of the optic disk, pituitary insufficiencies, and most of the time absence of the septum pellucidum. The septum pellucidum is the part of the brain that separates the anterior horns or the lateral ventricles of the brain.

Diagnosis

The magnetic resonance demonstration of hypoplastic optic tracts can provide diagnosis for Septo-optic dysplasia.

Treatment

Symptomatic treatment is the treatment approach for Septo-optic dysplasia; however optical problems are usually not curable. Therapies for vision, physical and occupational areas may be useful and beneficial. In cases when hormone deficiency is manifested, hormone replacement therapy can be considered as vital treatment approach.

Symptoms and Signs

Septo-optic dysplasia presents the following symptoms: ò Blindness in one or both eyes ò Dilated pupils when exposed to light ò Rapid and involuntary movement of the eyes (nystagmus) ò Inward and outward movement away of the eye ò Low muscle tone (Hypotonia) ò Hypoglycemia ò Jaundice ò Unusually small penis (micropenis) for a boy patient ò Seizures ò Developmental delay due to visual impairment

Causes

Septo-optic dysplasia is a sporadic birth defect with no known cause; however it is regarded as a developmental disorder consequential from a defect of standard embryological development.

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