Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

Below you will find more information about Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

SARS is an infectious respiratory illness that had an outbreak in February 2003. SARS starts with flu-like symptoms and either the condition develops or subsides to chronic respiratory phase. When SARS develops to the second phase the condition can be deadly.

Diagnosis

Chest x-ray For laboratory validation: Cell culture of SARS-CoV, exposure of SARS-CoV ribonucleic acid by the overturn transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, or detection of serum antibodies to SARS-CoV.

Treatment

Treatments related to atypical pneumonia Antiviral agents Oseltamivir / Ribavirin Oral / IV steroids Combination of Steroid and ribavirin Steroids and other antimicrobials Mechanical ventilation - needed in about 10-20% of cases Isolation of patient

Symptoms and Signs

There are a lot of symptoms of SARS and here are the most common symptoms flu-like symptoms, high fever, chills, shivering, rigor, headache, malaise, body and muscle aches, mild respiratory symptoms and diarrhea.

Causes

SARS is caused probably by a virus where in an unknown coronavirus or other probability is a paramyxovirus.

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