Sialadenitis

Below you will find more information about Sialadenitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Sialadenitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Sialadenitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Sialadenitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Sialadenitis is inflammation of salivary gland due to obstruction of the salivary gland or duct. Sialadenitis is very common among the elderly with salivary gland stones. There are also cases occurring in infants in the first few weeks after birth. Without proper treatment, Sialadenitis can progress into serious infection most especially in the injured and elderly.

Diagnosis

Symptoms, history and physical findings can be of great help in diagnosing Sialadenitis. One or more of the following test might be necessary to confirm diagnosis of the disease: ò Sialography ò X-rays to detect salivary stones ò Magnetic Resonance Imaging or Computed Tomography Scan to detect tumors and stones that are not detectable through X-rays

Treatment

Usual treatment approaches for Sialadenitis include the following: ò Drinking fluids or receiving fluids through intravenous lines ò Antibiotic administration ò Introduction of warm compress on the infected gland ò Drinking orange juice or chewing sour, sugarless candies to encourage flow of saliva ò In some rare cases wherein infection continues to persist even with the mentioned treatment, surgery may be an option in order to drain the gland.

Symptoms and Signs

A person with Sialadenitis may produce some or all of the following symptoms: ò Enlarged salivary gland ò Tender salivary gland ò Painful lump in the cheek or under the chin ò A foul-tasting pus discharge from the salivary duct into the mouth ò In more severe cases, fever, chills and generally sick feeling is often present.

Causes

Sialadenitis is a bacterial infection of the salivary gland caused by either of the following bacteria: staphylococcus, streptococcus, anaerobic or Haemophilus influenza.

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