Silicosis

Below you will find more information about Silicosis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Silicosis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Silicosis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Silicosis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Silicosis is an occupational lung disease due to inhalation of silica dust. The disease is characterized by inflamed and nodular lesion scars in the upper lung lobes. Silicosis was first described in 1705 and is also known by other names like Grinder's disease and Potter's rot. Silicosis is the most common occupational lung disease in the world.

Diagnosis

Patient's history of exposure to silica dust, physical examination and pulmonary function test are initial steps to diagnose Silicosis. Chest X-ray and CT scan can provide more detailed analysis to confirm diagnosis of Silicosis.

Treatment

Silicosis is not curable. Treatment is usually aimed at relieving the symptoms and preventing the development of certain complications including discontinuing exposure to silica dust and other lung irritants, cough suppressants, antibiotics and bronchodilators to name a few.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of silicosis are often noticeable only ten years after exposure including: ò Rapid breathing or shortness of breath subsequent to physical exertion ò Tiredness or fatigue ò Dry cough in combination with hoarse throat that is often persistent and severe ò Breathing pattern changes ò Fever ò Chest pain ò Regular dark shallow gaps in nails that will eventually lead to crack ò Loss of appetite Change in structure and function of the right ventricle of the heart (Cor Pulmonale), respiratory deficiencies and cyanosis may also be present in more advanced cases of Silicosis.

Causes

Silicosis is caused by breathing in crystalline silica dusts.

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