Smallpox

Below you will find more information about Smallpox from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Smallpox it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Smallpox and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Smallpox comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Smallpox is a very serious and infectious disease that is brought about by the variola virus. The name was derived from the pus-filled blisters that form and appear during the duration of the illness. Smallpox is contagious; it spreads through tiny drops of saliva when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks usually during close face-to-face contact.

Diagnosis

The presence of firm, deep seated pustules in the same stage of development with no apparent cause along with high fever may indicate smallpox, which can be confirmed by means of laboratory tests including microscopic examination of smears from scrapings of lesion to detect the presence of virus in the patient's blood.

Treatment

Treatment for smallpox requires hospitalization along with safety measures to prevent further complications through antimicrobial therapy, vigorous supportive management, and symptomatic treatment of lesions by means of antipruritics, which should start during the pustular stage. Smallpox vaccination given within 1 to 4 days of exposure to the disease will help avoid the disease and lessen the symptoms of the disease. Treatment is often inadequate when smallpox has already infected the body.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of Smallpox include some or all of the following: ò Flu-like symptoms including fever, shivering, and malaise, dry cough, chills, loss of appetite, headache and other body aches. ò Muscle pain ò Joint pain ò Inflammation involving different internal organs ò Pus-filled blisters on the skin

Causes

Smallpox is a very serious disorder that is caused by a virus called variola that infects humans.

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