Spina Bifida

Below you will find more information about Spina Bifida from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Spina Bifida it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Spina Bifida and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Spina Bifida comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Spina bifida is a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the brain spinal cord and their protective coverings. This neural tube defect occurs at the end of the first month of pregnancy when the two sides of the embryo's spine were unable to join together, which leaves an open area. This medical condition is one of the most common congenital defects.

Diagnosis

AFP screening and detailed fetal ultrasounds are methods helpful in detecting Spina bifida during pregnancy.

Treatment

Some cases of Spina bifida which do not involve the spinal cord can benefit from surgical repair in order to preserve normal spinal function. Supplementary treatment can also be carried out to treat other underlying conditions like hydrocephalus, hip dislocations and other conditions that can benefit from treatment. Physical therapy is also beneficial to strengthen the muscles and improving flexibility of joints.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of Spina bifida differ depending on the extent of the neural tube defect and the type and form of Spina bifida. Most common symptoms of Spina bifida include the following: General weakness in the legs and even paralysis Disturbances in bowel and bladder function Hydrocephalus Abnormal spine curvature Hip dislocations Intellectual deficiencies in some cases Sensitive to latex than can even be life-threatening

Causes

The cause of Spina bifida has been associated with environmental factors in several areas, particular medications taken during pregnancy and to insufficient folic acid during pregnancy.

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