Spongiform Encephalopathy

Below you will find more information about Spongiform Encephalopathy from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Spongiform Encephalopathy it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Spongiform Encephalopathy and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Spongiform Encephalopathy comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Spongiform encephalopathy is a rare inherited prion disease with a wide range of symptoms which are actual results of degeneration of the nervous system.

Diagnosis

Diagnoses are usually based on diagnosis of signs and symptoms; no diagnostic procedure can give diagnosis of the condition but mainly on the presentation of the illness.

Treatment

Treatment is based on the severity of the condition; treating the primary cause of the encephalopathy would be useful in overturning the symptoms of the disorder only if the condition does not cause permanent and irreversible damage to the brain.

Symptoms and Signs

Spongiform encephalopathy demonstrates and presents some of the following symptoms caused by the degenerative condition of the nervous system: ò Decreased ability to control voluntary movements ò Mental confusion or the condition where thought is greatly impaired (dementia) ò Difficulty communicating by means of speaking ò Inability of the eye to follow a moving object ( ocular dysmetria) ò Lower extremities have remarkable diminished reflexes ò Lack of reflexes in the legs and feet ò Spongiform cerebral degeneration ò Positive Babinski sign ò Change in the person's behavior and well-being ò Changes in memory ò Impaired brain function

Causes

Spongiform encephalopathy may be caused by an infectious agent such as virus, bacteria or prion. It can also be caused by brain abscess or tumor resulting to intracranial pressure. Other causes may be due to exposure to toxic matters, excessive radiation, trauma and even lack of blood flow or oxygen supply to the brain.

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